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England Facts & Information

Location Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France
Climate Temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast
Terrain Mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast
Population 60,094,648
Nationality British
Ethnic groups English 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other 2.8%
Religions Anglican and Roman Catholic 40 million, Muslim 1.5 million, Presbyterian 800,000, Methodist 760,000, Sikh 500,000, Hindu 500,000, Jewish 350,000
Languages English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
Government Type Constitutional monarchy
Capital London
Currency British pound
Description of Flag The British flag has a blue background with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) edged in white superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick (patron saint of Ireland), which is superimposed on the diagonal white cross of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland). The British flag is properly known as the Union Jack, but is commonly called the Union Jack.
England Flag Flag of England

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British Culture

Throughout history England has had tremendous influence on the world. As an empire, cultural traits along with many traditions were passed onto the former colonies. Arguably the most prevalent contribution has been the English language, which is quickly becoming the world’s language.
Stonehenge is evidence that a prehistoric culture existed in England. However, the first lasting cultural influence came from the Celtics. During the same

time period, the Romans, who occupied the region, played an important role in shaping England’s culture. After the Celtics, the Saxons dominated followed by the Normans. Elements from the Celtics, Saxons and Normans meshed together to create a new culture.

England has also made noteworthy artistic contributions to the world in the fields of literature, theatre and architecture. Some of the more popular literary works were authored by such famous names as Shakespeare, Dickens, and Morrison. Remnants from England’s various architectural eras are visible today in the form of castles, cathedrals, and government building in and around London. Religion plays a less important role in England. However, most English belong to the Church of England.

As a people, the British are commonly described as being very reserved, curt, and polite. However, cultural traits vary from region to region. Many people say that folks living in Liverpool have the driest sense of humor. London is considered the crux of English culture. England is not typically known for its cuisine. However, London’s growth as a world city is helping to alter critics’ view of English food. Every type of dish is available in London. In addition, London is home to a number of celebrated chefs. But of course, you can still get your fill of fish and chips. Londoners are typically easy going and tolerant people. It’s hard to shock or impress a Londoner. Today London continues to influence the world in fashion, media, and entertainment.

Visit London, the heart of pop culture.

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London Shopping

London is a shopper’s paradise. The West End is where you’ll find the most impressive shopping areas in London. At the heart of London’s famous shopping district is Oxford Street. On Oxford Street you’ll see nothing but shops for as far as the eye can see. The streets around Piccadilly Circus are also well worth a look. London is best known for its department stores. London is the home of Harrods, the world’s largest department store. It is said that if you can’t find it at

Harrods then it doesn’t exist. Harrods has earned a reputation as being a tourist destination in its own right. Shoppers marvel at the construction of the building and are often overwhelmed by the sele ction of merchandise offered to them. In addition to London’s fab department stores and swank boutiques, there are a number of noteworthy markets around the city. Bermondsey Market (located on the corner of Long Lane and Bermondsey Street) is a bargain hunter’s dream. If antiquing is more to your taste, check out Portobello Market on Portobello Road.

London Restaurants
Read reviews for some of the best restaurants in London. You'll find the perfect restaurant for your vacation here. Choose a restaurant by cuisine type or visitor rating.
Name Address Phone Cuisine
Moshi Mosi Sushi Unit 24 Liverpool St Station (020) 7247 3227 Japanese
Art to Zen 27 Upper Street (020) 7226 5300 European
BamBou 1 Percy Street (020) 73239140 Vietnamese
Mandalay 444 Edgware Road (020) 7258 3696 Burmese
Blue Elephant 4-6 Fulham Broadway (020) 7385 6595 Thai
Porters English Restaurant 17 Henrietta Street (020) 7836 6466 British
Cafe Portugal 6A Victoria House (020) 7587 1962 Portugese
The Fountains Abbey 109 Paed Street (020) 7723 2364 Pub
Cinnamon Club Old Westminster Library (020) 7222 2555 Indian
Belgo Centraal 50 Earlham Street (020) 7813 2233 Belgian
Metrogusto 153 Battersea Park Road (020) 7720 020 Italian
Al Duca 4-5 Duke of York Street (020) 7839 3090 Italian
The Firehouse 140 Tabernacle St (020) 7253 2314 Italian
Kaya 42 Albemarle Street (020) 7499 0622 Korean
La Trouvaille 12A Newburgh Street (020) 7287 848 French
RSJ 13A Coin Street (020) 7928 4554 French
No. 6 George Street 6 George Street (020) 7935 1910 British
Aroma II 118 Shaftesbury Ave (020) 7437 0377 Chinese
Ion Bar & Restaurant 161-165 Ladbroke Grove (020) 8960 1702 Bar
Lomo 222 Fulham Road (020) 7349 8848 Spanish
St John 26 St John St (020) 7251 0848 British
Standard Balti House 71 Brick Lane (020) 7247 5855 Bangladeshi
L'Homme Tranquille 81 rue des Martyrs Montmartre 01 42 54 56 28 French
Brixtonian Havana Club 11 Beehive Place (020) 7924 9262 Caribbean
Central 1 1-3 Amhurst road (020) 8985 2879 Diner
Wagamama 10A Lexington Street (020) 7323 9223 Japanese
Bombay Bicycle Club 95 Nighingale Lane (020) 8673 6217 Indian
Quaglino's 16 Bury Street (020) 7930 6767 European
Royal Cous-Cous House 316 Holloway Road (020) 7700 2188 North African
Yas 7 Hammersmith Rd (020) 7603 9148 Persian
Le Mignon 9a Delancey Street (020) 7387 0600 Lebanese
Union Tavern, The 52 Lloyd Baker Street (020) 7278 0111 British
Pelham Street 93 Pelham Street (020) 7584 4788 International
Zinc Bar & Grill 21 Heddon Street (020) 7255 8800 British
America Steak House 170 Victoria Street (020) 7834 5860 American
Greek Valley 5 Warwick Place (020) 7289 2469 Greek
Butlers Wharf Chop House 26E Shad Thames (020) 7403 3403 British
Copyright 110 Pennington Street (020) 7488 9000 A-La-Carte
Old Ship 25 Upper Mall (020) 8748 2593 Pub
Blue Print Cafe 28 Shad Thames (020) 7378 7031 Modern European
Da Mario Restaurant 63 Endell Street (207) 240 3632 Italian
Erebuni Restaurant 36-37 Lancaster Gate (207) 402 6067 Russian
Gate 72 Blesize Lane (020) 7435 7733 Vegetarian
fish! 3b Belvedere Rd (020) 7234 3333 Seafood
Singapore Garden 83-83A Fairfax Road (020) 7328 5314 Singaporean
HK Diner 22 Wardour St (020) 7434 9544 Chinese
Tentazioni 2 Mill Street (020) 7237 1100 Italian

London Travel Guides
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