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Facts & Information
Munich History
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Germany Facts & Information

 Location Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark
 Climate Temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm foehn wind
 Terrain Lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south
 Population 82,398,326
 Nationality German
 Ethnic groups German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Serbo-Croatian, Italian, Russian, Greek, Polish, Spanish)
 Religions Roman Catholic 75%, Protestant or other 25%
 Languages German
 Government Type Federal republic
 Capital Berlin
 Currency Euro
 Description of Flag The German flag has three equal horizontal stripes of black, red, and gold.
 Germany Flag Flag of Germany

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Munich Culture

On the 30th of April in 1945, American troops marched into a town that had been nearly 70% destroyed. As part of the reconstruction program, a special effort was made to preserve the historical areas. Residents apparently did little looking back with any regrets and instead went ahead to build modern Munich.

People here are often welcoming. While German is, of course, the main language used in Munich, English is

widely spoken and taught in schools. Most restaurants in the town center offer English menus, many with quite interesting translations. It is easy to get by with little or no German language knowledge.

The city is regarded as very safe. Because of its friendliness, Munich is sometimes called either “The world metropolis with a heart” or “the village of a million people.” Like Berlin, Munich has everything you'd expect in a cosmopolitan capital. Yet it's small enough to be digestible in one visit, with much of it walkable. But it has the added bonus of a storybook setting, with the mountains and Alpine lakes just an hour's drive away.

As attested by its many festivals and beer gardens, the residents of Munich like to have fun. The city has more than 100 beer gardens, the largest of which, the Hirschgarten, accommodates more than 8,000 people under sprawling chesnut trees. But surveys show that residents are among the hardest-working in the entire country. The city is also known as an intellectual center because it is the seat of Germany’s largest university, with 100,000 students.

In recent years, the city has acquired an international reputation but it still manages to retain some provincial flavoring. Native Munich residents often seem to find ways to ignore the hustle and bustle around them to take continuing pride in their long-standing Bavarian customs and traditions. If you don’t believe it, take note of some of their painstaking care in creating perfect costumes for their various festivals.

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Munich Shopping

One of the largest department stores in town is Kaufhof, which sells everything from men and women’s clothing to house wares. The store is in the pedestrian-only side of Marienplatz, which has many of the more interesting stores in Munich. Munich’s biggest book store is also in Marienplatz. Hugendubel carries a lot of English-language titles. It’s a bookstore, café and library. One of the finest places for old and new handicrafts and folk art is Wallach at

Residenzstrasse. One of Germany’s oldest and most historic art galleries, dating back to the 1840s, is Bayerischer Kunstgewerbe-Verein. Works by more than 400 artists are on display. Some of the best-dressed local women regularly shop at Maendler, which is divided into a series of boutiques that feature clothing by Jil Sander and Joop. Shoppers find everything from formal wear to what might be termed experimental. The Hammerle offers only limited edition jewelry with all pieces made in-house by Bavarian craftspeople. Germany’s oldest miniature pewter foundry, dating from 1796, is visited by many tourists in December to buy traditional Christmas decorations similar to what used to be sold to Maximilian I, the king of Bavaria. Munchner Poupenstuben und Zinnfiguren Kabinette has some figures made from 150-year-old molds that are collector’s items.


Munich Restaurants
Read reviews for some of the best restaurants in Munich. You'll find the perfect restaurant for your vacation here. Choose a restaurant by cuisine type or visitor rating.


Munich Travel Guides
 Frommer's Munich
 Lonely Planet Munich
 Let's Go Munich
 Fodors Munich