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Hong Kong.

Hong Kong History

Although Hong Kong today is widely seen as the modern business hub of Asia, archeological excavations suggest that humans have populated the area for over five millennia. Still, the area has long been known as a major trade stop, with merchants from the British East India Company establishing contact sometime in the 1700s. Following the First Opium War, which ended in 1842, Hong Kong was ceded to Britain and its colony expanded. So much,

in fact, that Hong Kong became a major center for British trade with southern China during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It wasn’t until the communist takeover of Mainland China at the end of World War II that Hong Kong saw a huge influx of people, as hundreds of thousands fled from China. That’s why today, Cantonese remains the official Chinese language, although English is another official language that roughly a third of locals—mostly those in the tourism profession—understand.

In 1984, Britain and the People’s Republic of China agreed that on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong would become a special administrative region of China. Despite that agreement having already taken place, Hong Kong will still get to enjoy a high degree of economic and social autonomy by circulating its own currency and operating its own legal system until China decides whether it will exercise more control in 2047. China’s “one country, two systems” formula, however, does not apply to foreign and defense affairs.

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Hong Kong Travel Guides
 Frommer's Hong Kong
 Lonely Planet Hong Kong
 Let's Go Hong Kong
 Fodors Hong Kong