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Hamburg History
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Hamburg.

Hamburg History

Hamburg has a long history as a bustling port town with key connections to the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. Despite being in decline Hamburg’s port is still the backbone of commerce. Called the “Free and Hanseatic City” of Hamburg. Except by Napoleon, Hamburg has never bowed to foreign rule. The city has always been ruled by commerce. Even today, Hamburg has more millionaires then any other city in Germany. Even though the exact origin of the

hamburger is unknown, many speculate that 19th century German emigrants brought the hamburger to America.

Hamburg’s history can be traced back to the 19th century with the construction of a moated fortress called Hammaburg. Settlements sprang up around the area. However, it wasn’t until the 12th century that Hamburg began its rise towards becoming one of Europe’s premier port towns. In 1189 Hamburg officials were granted free trade and exemptions from customs. As a result, commerce exploded and a new Hamburg was built.

Throughout history, Hamburg has gone through much devastation. In addition to major damage caused by the fire of 1846, Hamburg was left in shambles after the World War I and World War II. Because of it’s crucial location in northern Germany, Hamburg was a key target for invading armies. During WW II much of Hamburg’s port and housing was destroyed in addition to thousands of civilian losses. Concentration camps alone killed more then 8,000 Jews. Throughout history, Hamburg has shown much resilience and bounced back time after time.

Today Hamburg is one of Germany’s media capitals covering publishing, advertising, film, TV, and music.

More Information
 www.state.gov

 


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